January 23, 2020

The Honorable Roy Blunt The Honorable Amy Klobuchar
Chair Ranking Member
Committee on Rules and Administration Committee on Rules and Administration
260 Russell Senate Office Building 425 Dirksen Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510 Washington, D.C. 20510

Dear Chair Blunt and Ranking Member Klobuchar:

We write to urge the Senate Committee on Rules to address issues of congressional and public access to Congressional Research Service reports. As you know, Congress directed the Library of Congress to publish current and recently-archived CRS reports online, but there are problems arising from the Library of Congress’s implementation of this law. In addition, many historical CRS reports that are useful to Congress and the public are not made generally available to Congress unless specifically requested and are not available from either the Library’s internal website or from its public-facing website.

Implementation of Public Access to CRS Reports
We raised concerns regarding the Library of Congress’s implementation plan for its public-facing website in a June 2018 letter, and those concerns have unfortunately been born out by the Library’s implementation of https://crsreports.congress.gov/.

While the internal-facing version of CRS’s website publishes the reports in both HTML and PDF format, the public-facing version only publishes the reports as PDFs, which significantly undermines their utility and the ability of search engines to find the reports. It also may undermine the ability of persons with visual disabilities to use the reports.

The public-facing CRS reports website does not prominently feature a link to the landing page for each report series, but rather prominently links to the most recent PDF version. As that version often is superseded, the consequence is that the citations to a CRS report may not link to the most updated version.

There is no obvious way to generate a list of all the reports contained on the website. The link for “bulk download reports” only allows a user to download a list of 5,000 reports at a time, which is fewer than the total number of reports available on the website.

Historical CRS Reports
While the legislation makes provision for the Library of Congress to publish historical reports on its website — i.e., reports that were not on CRS’s internal website on the day the online publication law came into effect — the Library has made clear it does not plan to do so. The Congressional Research Services maintains a digital archive of historical (archived) CRS reports, along with relevant metadata, in its CRSX archive. These historical non-confidential reports from CRS address vital historical matters that are relevant today, including topics such as assassinations, enforcement of subpoenas, and war powers. And yet those reports are not available on CRS’s internal or public-facing website.

We respectfully request that the Library be directed to report on the feasibility and cost of publishing some or all of the reports in its CRSX archive on the public-facing website. The website can already handle publication of archived reports — more than 3,000 of its current reports are designated “archived” — and we know that the reports are of public interest. As records in the CRSX archives already are in digital form, this may ease their online publication.

On this point, by way of example, the Demand Progress Education Fund and R Street Institute jointly built EveryCRSReport.com, a free website that provides over 15,000 CRS reports to the public, twice as many as available on the Library of Congress’s official site. EveryCRSReport.com has over 135,000 unique visitors every month. In addition to our website and other civil society efforts like that run by the Federation of American Scientists, there are pay services like Westlaw and Lexis that offer reports that are not available on the Library’s website. These non-confidential historical CRS reports continue to be useful for legislators and the general public and should be widely available.

As you know, the Senate Committee on Rules has the authority to direct the Library of Congress to publish CRS reports online. We hope that you will encourage the Library to improve how it is currently publishing CRS reports and to expand the scope of the reports it publishes online.

We would welcome the opportunity to discuss this further. Please contact Daniel Schuman, policy director at Demand Progress, at [email protected] or Kevin Kosar, vice president for research partnerships at the R Street Institute, at [email protected].



cc: Members, Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
Legislative Branch Subcommittee on the Senate Committee on Appropriations

[1] Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018 (P.L. 115-141). https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/1625/text

[2] https://s3.amazonaws.com/demandprogress/documents/2018-05-22-Library-Implementation-Plan-for-CRS-Reports.pdf

[3] https://s3.amazonaws.com/demandprogress/documents/2018-06-08-Civil-Society-Memo_on_CRS_Reports-Website-Implementation.pdf

[4] EveryCRSReport.com, available at https://www.everycrsreport.com/

[5] We note that EveryCRSReport.com, which is open source, cost approximately $15,000 to develop. The Library of Congress was appropriated $1.5 million to build its website.